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Osteoporosis is a bone disorder that affects the whole body, but has particularly strong effects on the spine. The most common demographic for osteoporosis is older women who have gone through menopause, although Eunuchs who are not taking testosterone are also at risk.

How does Osteoporosis work?

Osteoporosis' trademark is low bone mass. As the bones age, they do not absorb the nutrients and other things that need to be absorbed to keep bone density at a healthy level. As this happens, the structure of the bones becomes more porous, and the bones go from being dense and thick to airier and lighter. This makes the bones prone to fracture and excess wear and tear, especially along the spinal column. Some of the effects of these tiny fractures in the spine can make those with osteoporosis shorter (by very small amounts), and can cause larger problems in the hip joints, making it more likely for hips to move improperly in their sockets and possibly break.

How does one avoid osteoporosis?

The bones absorb a very high amount of nutrients while a person is still growing, but that is not to say that this absorption stops after the growth process. Both calcium and protein are very important in maintaining high bone density, as well as Vitamin D and exercise. While there is no failsafe method of preventing osteoporosis, a proper diet and weight-bearing exercise can certainly minimize one's risk of getting it.